“Computer” was the name for those who worked in assembly line configurations to resolve mathematical equations. These human computers were replaced later-on by electronic computers.

 

1947_Office_with_15_Comptometers

 

1942_War_Dept_card_punching_section_WP_DCPL All the women punching cards are African American. The supervisor in the aisle is white.

 

Microsoft Word - 106733_2.doc

 

1920 Tabulating Machine Co. Washington, D.C.